Species

Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874)

Mutilla heterospila Gerstäcker, 1874:299, ♀. ♀, Bogotà (Mus. Berol.); Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:617, Type ♀ (Zoologische Museum der Universität, Berlin, no. 19282); Cambra & Quintero, 1993Cambra, R.A. & Quintero, D. 1993. Studies on Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): New distribution records and synonymies, and descriptions of previously unknown Allotypes. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69 (4):299-313.:307, Holotype ♀ (ZMHB, No. 19282). - Dalla Torre, 1897Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897. Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749. (distribution). - As Timulla heterospila: - Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:616 (comb. nov.); Cambra & Quintero, 1993Cambra, R.A. & Quintero, D. 1993. Studies on Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): New distribution records and synonymies, and descriptions of previously unknown Allotypes. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69 (4):299-313. (distribution); Cambra et al., 2018Cambra, R.A., D. Quintero, G.C. Waldren, P.R. Bartholomay & K.A. Williams 2018. Taxonomic revision of the genus Timulla Ashmead, 1899 of Panama (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae). Tecnociencia 20 (2):23-57. (distribution); Pagliano et al., 2020Pagliano G., D.J. Brothers, R. Cambra, A.S. Lelej, P. Lo Cascio, M.M. Palmerini, P.L. Scaramozzino, K.A. Williams & M. Romano 2020. Checklist of names in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera), with illustrations of selected species. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze naturali Torino 36 (1-2):5-425. (distribution).
Mutilla confusa Cameron, 1894:268, ♀. ♀, Panama, Volcan de Chiriqui 2500 to 4000 feet (leg. Champion); Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:617, Type ♀ (British Museum (Natural History), London). Synonymized with Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874) by Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:616. - Cameron, 1888-1900Cameron, P. 1888-1900. Biologia Centrali-Americana - Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Fossores) Vol. II. R. H. Porter and Dulau & Co., London. 413pp, 14 pl.:268 (listed); Dalla Torre, 1897Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897. Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749. (distribution); Pagliano et al., 2020Pagliano G., D.J. Brothers, R. Cambra, A.S. Lelej, P. Lo Cascio, M.M. Palmerini, P.L. Scaramozzino, K.A. Williams & M. Romano 2020. Checklist of names in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera), with illustrations of selected species. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze naturali Torino 36 (1-2):5-425.:266 ( listed as synonym of Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874)).
Mutilla thura Cameron, 1894:289, ♂. ♂, Panama (leg. Boucard); Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:599, Type ♂ (British Museum (Natural History), London); Cambra & Quintero, 1993Cambra, R.A. & Quintero, D. 1993. Studies on Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): New distribution records and synonymies, and descriptions of previously unknown Allotypes. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69 (4):299-313.:307, Holotype ♂, examined (BM (NH)). Synonymized with Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874) by Cambra & Quintero, 1993Cambra, R.A. & Quintero, D. 1993. Studies on Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): New distribution records and synonymies, and descriptions of previously unknown Allotypes. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69 (4):299-313.:307. - Cameron, 1888-1900Cameron, P. 1888-1900. Biologia Centrali-Americana - Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Fossores) Vol. II. R. H. Porter and Dulau & Co., London. 413pp, 14 pl.:289 (listed); Dalla Torre, 1897Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897. Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749. (distribution); Pagliano et al., 2020Pagliano G., D.J. Brothers, R. Cambra, A.S. Lelej, P. Lo Cascio, M.M. Palmerini, P.L. Scaramozzino, K.A. Williams & M. Romano 2020. Checklist of names in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera), with illustrations of selected species. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze naturali Torino 36 (1-2):5-425.:266 ( listed as synonym of Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874)). - As Timulla thura: - Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680. (distribution), 599 (comb. nov.); Cambra et al., 2018Cambra, R.A., D. Quintero, G.C. Waldren, P.R. Bartholomay & K.A. Williams 2018. Taxonomic revision of the genus Timulla Ashmead, 1899 of Panama (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae). Tecnociencia 20 (2):23-57.:39 ( listed as synonym of Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874)).
Mutilla cameronella Cockerell, 1907:50 Synonymized with Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874) by Mickel, 1938Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.:617. - Pagliano et al., 2020Pagliano G., D.J. Brothers, R. Cambra, A.S. Lelej, P. Lo Cascio, M.M. Palmerini, P.L. Scaramozzino, K.A. Williams & M. Romano 2020. Checklist of names in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera), with illustrations of selected species. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze naturali Torino 36 (1-2):5-425.:266 ( listed as synonym of Timulla heterospila (Gerstäcker, 1874)).

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Area distribution map

map of Timulla heterospila     (Gerstäcker, 1874)

Distribution

COLColombia
(Gerstäcker, 1874; Dalla Torre, 1897; Mickel, 1938; Mickel, 1938 [as Timulla thura (Cameron, 1894)]; Cambra & Quintero, 1993; Cambra & Quintero, 1993; Cambra et al., 2018; Pagliano et al., 2020)
PANPanama
(Cameron, 1894 [as Mutilla thura Cameron, 1894]; Cameron, 1894 [as Mutilla confusa Cameron, 1894]; Dalla Torre, 1897 [as Mutilla confusa Cameron, 1894]; Dalla Torre, 1897 [as Mutilla thura Cameron, 1894]; Mickel, 1938 [as Mutilla thura Cameron, 1894]; Mickel, 1938 [as Mutilla confusa Cameron, 1894]; Mickel, 1938 [as Timulla thura (Cameron, 1894)]; Cambra & Quintero, 1993 [as Mutilla thura Cameron, 1894]; Cambra & Quintero, 1993; Cambra et al., 2018; Pagliano et al., 2020)
VENVenezuela
(Cambra & Quintero, 1993 new; Cambra et al., 2018; Pagliano et al., 2020)

Literature

  • Cambra, R.A. & Quintero, D. 1993. Studies on Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): New distribution records and synonymies, and descriptions of previously unknown Allotypes. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69 (4):299-313.
  • Cambra, R.A., D. Quintero, G.C. Waldren, P.R. Bartholomay & K.A. Williams 2018. Taxonomic revision of the genus Timulla Ashmead, 1899 of Panama (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae). Tecnociencia 20 (2):23-57.
  • Cameron, P. 1888-1900. Biologia Centrali-Americana - Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Fossores) Vol. II. R. H. Porter and Dulau & Co., London. 413pp, 14 pl.
  • Cameron, P. 1894. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta. Hymenoptera. (Fossores) Vol. II. :258-330.
  • Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897. Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749.
  • Gerstäcker, A. 1874. Mutillarum Americae meridionalis indigenarum synopsis systematica et synonymica. (Fortsetzung von p. 77.). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 40:299-328.
  • Mickel, C.E. 1938. The Neotropical mutilid wasps of the genus Timulla Ashmead (Hymenoptera:Mutillidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 87 (22):529-680.
  • Pagliano G., D.J. Brothers, R. Cambra, A.S. Lelej, P. Lo Cascio, M.M. Palmerini, P.L. Scaramozzino, K.A. Williams & M. Romano 2020. Checklist of names in Mutillidae (Hymenoptera), with illustrations of selected species. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze naturali Torino 36 (1-2):5-425.