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Pemphredon rugifer (Dahlbom, 1844)

Sphex unicolor Panzer, 1798.
Cemonus rugifer Dahlbom, 1844. - As Pemphredon rugifer: Bajári, 1957Bajári, E. 1957 Sphecoidea I. Budapest. 1-117.:81 (determination); Beaumont, 1964Beaumont, J. de 1964 Hymenoptera: Sphecidae. Lausanne. 1-174.:103 (distribution); Dollfuss, 1983Dollfuss, H. 1983 Fam.: Sphecidae. Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien. 1-32.:6 (distribution); Lomholdt, O., 1984Lomholdt, O. 1984 The Sphecidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Ent.Scan. 4 , part 1:1-224.:97 (distribution); Pádr, 1989Pádr, Z. 1989 Sphecoidea. In: Sedivý, J. (Ed.). Enumeratio Insectorum Bohemoslovakiae - Check List of Czechoslovak Insects III (Hymenoptera). 165-171. (distribution); Dollfuss, H., 1991Dollfuss, H. 1991 Bestimmungsschlüssel der Grabwespen Nord- und Zentraleuropas (Hymenoptera Sphecidae) mit speziellen Angaben zur Grabwespenfauna Österreichs. Stapfia 24:1-274.:62 (distribution); Schmidt, K., 1992Schmidt, K. 1992 Katalog der Spheciden Europas und der Türkei. :1-16. (distribution); Negrisolo, E., 1995Negrisolo, E. 1995 Hymenoptera Sphecidae. In: Minelli A., Ruffo S. & La Posta S. (Ed.). Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana. 1-12. (distribution), 11, (distribution); Schmid-Egger et al., 1995Schmid-Egger, C., S. Risch & O. Niehuis 1995 Die Wildbienen und Wespen in Rheinland-Pfalz (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Verbreitung, Ökologie und Gefährdungssituation. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz Beiheft 16:1-296.:205 (prey/host), 205, (Nistweise); Klein, W., 1996Klein, W. 1996 De graafwespen van de Benelux - Hymenoptera, Sphecidae. Jeugdbondsuitgeverij, 1-130. (distribution), 104, (distribution); Blösch, 2000Blösch, M. 2000 Die Grabwespen Deutschlands. Goecke & Evers, Keltern. 1-480.:178/179 (distribution); Bitsch et al., 2001Bitsch J., H. Dollfuss, Z. Boucek, K. Schmidt, C. Schmid-Egger, S.F. Gayubo, A.V. Antropov & Y. Barbier 2001 Hyménoptères Sphecidae d´Europe occidentale. Vol. 3. 1-459. (distribution); Ohl, 2001Ohl, M. 2001 Sphecidae. In: Dathe, H., A. Taeger & S.M. Blank (Ed.). Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica, Band 4). 137-143. (distribution), 141, (distribution); Bitsch et al., 2001Bitsch J., H. Dollfuss, Z. Boucek, K. Schmidt, C. Schmid-Egger, S.F. Gayubo, A.V. Antropov & Y. Barbier 2001 Hyménoptères Sphecidae d´Europe occidentale. Vol. 3. 1-459.:427 (prey/host), 86, (distribution); Bieri, 2002Bieri, S. 2002 Bienen und Wespen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1-160. (distribution); Borges et al., 2005Borges, P.A.V., K. van Achterberg, R.R. Askew, K. Zwakhals, O. Oliveira & A.M.C. Santos 2005 Hymenoptera. In: (Ed.). A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. 218-221. (distribution); Gogala, 2011Gogala, A. 2011 Sphecid wasps of Slovenia (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae and Crabronidae). Scopolia 73 (1-39):. (distribution); Bitsch, 2014Bitsch, J. 2014 Sphéciformes nouveaux ou peu connus de la faune de France et d’Europe occidentale (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 119 (3):391-419. (distribution).
Cemonus wesmaeli Morawitz, 1864.
Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892:313. - Dalla Torre, 1897Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897 Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749. (distribution); Krombein et al., 1979Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979 Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209. (distribution).
Pemphredon harbecki Rohwer, 1910:170. - Krombein, 1963Krombein, K.V. 1963 Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XVII. Annotated list of the wasps (Hymenoptera: Bethyloidea, Scolioidea, Vespoidea, Pompiloidea, Sphecoidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 76:255-280. (distribution).
Pemphredon scoticus Perkins, 1929.
Cemonus solivagus Bondroit, 1931.
Pemphredon bucharicus Gussakovskij, 1952.
Pemphredon scythicus Valkeila, 1972.
Pemphredon punctifer Valkeila, 1972.

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Area distribution map

map of Pemphredon rugifer     (Dahlbom, 1844)

Distribution

AUTAustria
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992)
BELBelgium
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)])
BGRBulgaria
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
CAN-NoTCanada - Northwest Territories
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
CAN-OntCanada - Ontario
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
CHESwitzerland
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
CHNChina
(Bitsch et al., 2001; Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
CYPCyprus
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
CZECzech Republic
(Pádr, 1989; Pádr, 1989 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Veprek & Straka, 2007 new [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Veprek & Straka, 2007 new [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEUGermany
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Ohl, 2001; Jacobs, 2005 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
DEU-BGermany - Berlin
(Saure, C., 2005 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEU-BaGermany - Bavaria
(Ohl, 2001; Wickl, K.-H. et al., 2003 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEU-BBGermany - Brandenburg + Berlin
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-BgGermany - Brandenburg
(Jacobs, 2005 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
DEU-BWGermany - Baden-Württemberg
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-LSBGermany - Lower Saxony + Bremen
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-MVGermany - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(Ohl, 2001; Jacobs, 2005 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
DEU-NRWGermany - North Rhine-Westphalia
(Ohl, 2001; Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne, 2010 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne, 2010 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne, 2010 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)])
DEU-RPGermany - Rhineland-Palatinate
(Schmid-Egger et al., 1995 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEU-RPSGermany - Rhineland-Palatinate + Saarland
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-SAGermany - Saxony-Anhalt
(Ohl, 2001; Stolle, E. et al., 2004 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEU-SHGermany - Schleswig-Holstein
(Smissen, 2001 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
DEU-SHHGermany - Schleswig-Holstein + Hamburg
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-SxGermany - Saxony
(Ohl, 2001)
DEU-ThGermany - Thuringia
(Ohl, 2001)
DNKDenmark
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)])
DZAAlgeria
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch et al., 2001)
ESPSpain
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
ESP-BIbSpain - Balears - Ibiza
(Hohmann, H., 1984 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
ESP-BMaSpain - Balears - Mallorca
(Hohmann, H., 1984 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
FINFinland
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
FRAFrance
(Schmidt, K., 1992; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch, 2014 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch, 2014; Bitsch, 2014 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
FRA-CorFrance - Corsica
(Bitsch et al., 2001; Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
GBRUnited Kingdom
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
GBR-WaUnited Kingdom - Wales
(Fowles, A.P., 1996 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
GRCGreece
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
GRC-CrGreece - Crete
(Beaumont, J. de, 1961 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
GRC-RhGreece - Rhodos
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
HUNHungary
(Schmidt, K., 1992; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
IRNIran (Islamic Republic of)
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch et al., 2001)
ISRIsrael
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
ITAItaly
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Negrisolo, E., 1995)
ITA-SarItaly - Sardinia
(Negrisolo, E., 1995; Negrisolo, E., 1995 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
ITA-SicItaly - Sicilia
(Negrisolo, E., 1995 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Negrisolo, E., 1995)
JPNJapan
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch et al., 2001)
KAZKazakhstan
(Bitsch et al., 2001)
KORKorea, Republic of (South Korea)
(Bitsch et al., 2001)
LIELiechtenstein
(Bieri, 2002; Bieri, 2002 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
LUXLuxembourg
(Klein, W., 1996; Klein, W., 1996 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
MARMorocco
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
NLDNetherlands
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Klein, W., 1996)
NORNorway
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)])
POLPoland
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 doubt about present)
PRTPortugal
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
PRT-AFaPortugal - Azores - Faial
(Borges et al., 2005 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Jacobs & Kroupa, 2007 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
PRT-AMaPortugal - Azores - Santa Maria
(Jacobs & Kroupa, 2007 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
PRT-AMiPortugal - Azores - São Miguel
(Borges et al., 2005; Jacobs & Kroupa, 2007 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
ROMRomania
(Schmidt, K., 1992 doubt about present; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
SVKSlovakia (Slovak Republic)
(Pádr, 1989; Pádr, 1989 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Veprek & Straka, 2007 new [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Veprek & Straka, 2007 new [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
SVNSlovenia
(Gogala, 2011 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Gogala, 2011 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Gogala, 2011 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Gogala, 2011)
SWESweden
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
SYRSyrian Arab Republic
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
TSLCzechoslowakia
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972])
TUNTunisia
(Bitsch et al., 2001 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
TURTurkey
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon mortifer Valkeila, 1972]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Bitsch et al., 2001)
USA-CalUnited States - California
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-ColUnited States - Colorado
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-FloUnited States - Florida
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-IllUnited States - Illinois
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-MarUnited States - Maryland
(Krombein, 1963 [as Pemphredon harbecki Rohwer, 1910])
USA-MioUnited States - Missouri
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
USA-NeYUnited States - New York
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
USA-PenUnited States - Pennsylvania
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-TexUnited States - Texas
(Dalla Torre, 1897 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892]; Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
USA-UtaUnited States - Utah
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-VirUnited States - Virginia
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
USA-WasUnited States - Washington
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)])
USA-WeVUnited States - West Virginia
(Krombein et al., 1979 [as Pemphredon bipartior Fox, 1892])
YUGYugoslavia
(Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon lethifer (Shuckard, 1837)]; Schmidt, K., 1992 [as Pemphredon wesmaeli (Morawitz, 1864)])

Literature

  • Bajári, E. 1957 Sphecoidea I. Budapest. 1-117.
  • Beaumont, J. de 1961 Sphecidae de l´île de Crète (Hym.). Mitt. schweiz. ent. Ges. 34 (1):43-52.
  • Beaumont, J. de 1964 Hymenoptera: Sphecidae. Lausanne. 1-174.
  • Bieri, S. 2002 Bienen und Wespen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1-160.
  • Bitsch J., H. Dollfuss, Z. Boucek, K. Schmidt, C. Schmid-Egger, S.F. Gayubo, A.V. Antropov & Y. Barbier 2001 Hyménoptères Sphecidae d´Europe occidentale. Vol. 3. 1-459.
  • Bitsch, J. 2014 Sphéciformes nouveaux ou peu connus de la faune de France et d’Europe occidentale (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 119 (3):391-419.
  • Blösch, M. 2000 Die Grabwespen Deutschlands. Goecke & Evers, Keltern. 1-480.
  • Borges, P.A.V., K. van Achterberg, R.R. Askew, K. Zwakhals, O. Oliveira & A.M.C. Santos 2005 Hymenoptera. In: (Ed.). A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. 218-221.
  • Burger, F., C. Saure & J. Oehlke 1998 Rote Liste und Artenliste der Grabwespen und anderer Hautflügler des Landes Brandenburgs (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Evanioidea, 'Scolioidea'). Naturschutz Landschaftspflege Brandenburg 7 (2 Beilage):24-43.
  • Dalla Torre, C.G. 1897 Catalogus hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Volumen VIII: Fossores (Sphegidae). Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. 1-749.
  • Dollfuss, H. 1983 Fam.: Sphecidae. Verlag der österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien. 1-32.
  • Dollfuss, H. 1991 Bestimmungsschlüssel der Grabwespen Nord- und Zentraleuropas (Hymenoptera Sphecidae) mit speziellen Angaben zur Grabwespenfauna Österreichs. Stapfia 24:1-274.
  • Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne 2010 Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Wildbienen und Wespen (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae, Ampulicidae, Pompilidae, Vespidae, Tiphiidae, Sapygidae, Mutillidae, Chrysididae) Nordrhein-Westfalens. Ampulex 2:5-60.
  • Fowles, A.P. 1996 A provisional checklist of the invertebrates recorded from Wales. 2. Aculeate wasps, bees and ants (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). 1-57.
  • Gogala, A. 2011 Sphecid wasps of Slovenia (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae and Crabronidae). Scopolia 73 (1-39):.
  • Haeseler, V., K. Schmidt, R. Gauß, M. Hoop, G. Preuss, H. Riemann, K.-H. Schwammberger & P. Westrich 1984 Rote Liste der Grabwespen (Sphecoidea). In: Blab, J., E. Nowak, W. Trautmann & H. Sukopp (Ed.). Rote Liste der gefährdeten Tiere und Pflanzen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (4. erweiterte und neubearbeitete Auflage). 47-49.
  • Hohmann, H. 1984 Bees and wasps on Eivissa: faunistic notes on Hymenoptera Aculeata. :303-341.
  • Jacobs, H.-J. 2005 Ergänzungen zur Grabwespenfauna Deutschlands (Hym., Crabronidae). Ent. Nachr. Ber. 49 (2):149-150.
  • Jacobs, H.-J. & A. Kroupa 2007 Mimumesa longicornis (W. FOX 1898), Trypoxylon attenuatum SMITH, 1851 und T. clavicerum LEPELETIER & SERVILLE 1828 - neu auf den Azoren (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 39 (1):323-329.
  • Klein, W. 1996 De graafwespen van de Benelux - Hymenoptera, Sphecidae. Jeugdbondsuitgeverij, 1-130.
  • Krombein, K.V. 1963 Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XVII. Annotated list of the wasps (Hymenoptera: Bethyloidea, Scolioidea, Vespoidea, Pompiloidea, Sphecoidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 76:255-280.
  • Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979 Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209.
  • Lomholdt, O. 1984 The Sphecidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Ent.Scan. 4 , part 1:1-224.
  • Negrisolo, E. 1995 Hymenoptera Sphecidae. In: Minelli A., Ruffo S. & La Posta S. (Ed.). Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana. 1-12.
  • Ohl, M. 2001 Sphecidae. In: Dathe, H., A. Taeger & S.M. Blank (Ed.). Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica, Band 4). 137-143.
  • Pádr, Z. 1989 Sphecoidea. In: Sedivý, J. (Ed.). Enumeratio Insectorum Bohemoslovakiae - Check List of Czechoslovak Insects III (Hymenoptera). 165-171.
  • Saure, C. 1999 Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen (Insecta: Hymenoptera) im Großraum Berlin. Verbreitung, Gefährdung und Lebensräume. Beitrag zur Ökologie einer Großstadt. 1. überarbeitete Fassung, Februar 1998. In: Köppel, C., E. Rennwald & N. Hirneisen (Ed.). Rote Listen auf CD-ROM. Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz, Liechtenstein, Südtirol. Vol. 1: Mitteleuropa. Ausgabe 1 (Stand 30.06.1998). .
  • Saure, C. 2005 Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Bienen und Wespen (Hymenoptera part.) von Berlin mit Angaben zu den Ameisen (Bearbeitungsstand: September 2004). In: Der Landesbeauftragte für Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege / Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung (Ed.). Rote Listen der gefährdeten Pflanzen und Tiere von Berlin - CD-ROM. .
  • Schmid-Egger, C. 2010 Rote Liste der Wespen Deutschlands. Ampulex 1:3-39.
  • Schmid-Egger, C., S. Risch & O. Niehuis 1995 Die Wildbienen und Wespen in Rheinland-Pfalz (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Verbreitung, Ökologie und Gefährdungssituation. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz Beiheft 16:1-296.
  • Schmidt, K. 1992 Katalog der Spheciden Europas und der Türkei. :1-16.
  • Smissen, J. van der 2001 Die Wildbienen und Wespen Schleswig-Holsteins - Rote Liste. Landesamt für Natur und Umwelt des Landes Schleswig-Holsteins, Flintbek. 1-183.
  • Stolle, E., F. Burger, B. Drewes, unter Mitarbeit von, R. Franke, H.-J. Jacobs, E. Jansen, S. Kaluza & C. Saure 2004 Rote Liste der Grabwespen (Hymenoptera: 'Sphecidae') des Landes Sachsen-Anhalt (1. Fassung, Stand: Februar 2004). In: (Ed.). Rote Listen Sachsen-Anhalt. 369-375.
  • Tischendorf S., Frommer U. & H.J. Flügel 2011 . Hessisches Ministerium für Umwelt, Energie, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz, 1-240.
  • Veprek, D. & J. Straka 2007 Apoidea: Spheciformes (kutilky). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae Supplementum 11:191-239.
  • Wickl, K.-H., J. Voith, K. Mandery, K. Weber, M. Kraus, unter Mitarbeit von, D. Bausenwein & M. Blösch 2003 Rote Liste gefährdeter Grabwespen (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae) Bayerns. In: Bayerisches Landesamt für Umweltschutz (Ed.). Rote Liste gefährdeter Tiere Bayerns. 193-197.