Species

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Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)

Apathus fraternus Smith, 1854:385, ♂. ♂, United States. - Cresson, 1863Cresson, E.T. 1863. List of North American species of Bombus and Apathus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 2:83-116. (distribution). - As Bombus fraternus: - Franklin, 1913Franklin, H.J. 1913. The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 38 (3/4):177-486. (distribution); Lutz & Cockerell, 1920Lutz, F.E. & T.D.A. Cockerell 1920. Notes on the distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families, Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 42 (15):491-641. (distribution); Michener, 1947Michener, C.D. 1947. Bees of a limited area in southern Mississippi (Hymenoptera; Apoidea). The American Midland Naturalist 38 (2):443-455. (distribution); Mitchell, 1962Mitchell, T.B. 1962. Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume II. Technical bulletin (North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) 152:1-557. (distribution); Krombein et al., 1979Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209. (distribution); Abrahamovich & Díaz, 2002Abrahamovich, A.H. & N.B. Díaz 2002. Bumble bees of the Neotropical Region (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Biota Colombiana 3 (2):199-214. (distribution); Pascarella, 2006Pascarella, J.B. 2006. The bees of Florida. . (distribution); Hall & Ascher, 2011Hall, H.G., & J.S. Ascher 2011. Surveys of wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) in organic farms of Alachua County in north-central Florida. The Florida Entomologist 94 (3):539-552. (distribution); Warriner, 2012Warriner, M.D. 2012. Bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of Texas: Historical distributions. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (4):442-445. (distribution); Owens et al., 2018Owens, B.E., L. Allain, E.C. van Gorder, J.L. Bossart & C.E. Carlton 2018. The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Louisiana: An updated, annotated checklist. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 120 (2):272-307. (distribution); Nava-Bolaños & Osorio-Olvera, 2022Nava-Bolaños, A. & L. Osorio-Olvera 2022. Estado del arte del conocimiento de biodiversidad de los polinizadores de México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 93:1-77. (distribution).
Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863:96, ♀. 2♀, 2x♀, Florida, Texas (Ent. Soc. Phil, E. Norton, and Smith Inst.). - Cresson, 1863Cresson, E.T. 1863. List of North American species of Bombus and Apathus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 2:83-116. (distribution); Cresson, 1872Cresson, E.T. 1872. Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4:153-292. (distribution); Cresson, 1879Cresson, E.T. 1879. Catalogue of North American Apidae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society and Proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences 7:215-232. (distribution); Handlirsch, 1888Handlirsch, A. 1888. Die Hummelsammlung des k. k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 3:209-250. (distribution); Dalla Torre, 1896Dalla Torre, C.G. 1896. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus, X. Apidae (Anthophila). Sumptibus Guilelmi Engelmann, 1-643. (distribution); Cockerell, 1899Cockerell, T.D.A. 1899. The bees of Kansas. Entomological News 10:3-4. (distribution); Cockerell, 1906Cockerell, T.D.A. 1906. The bees of New Mexico. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32:289-314. (distribution); Franklin, 1913Franklin, H.J. 1913. The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 38 (3/4):177-486.:421 ( listed as synonym of Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)); Lutz & Cockerell, 1920Lutz, F.E. & T.D.A. Cockerell 1920. Notes on the distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families, Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 42 (15):491-641.:517 ( listed as synonym of Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)); Mitchell, 1962Mitchell, T.B. 1962. Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume II. Technical bulletin (North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) 152:1-557.:526 ( listed as synonym of Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)); Krombein et al., 1979Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209.:2195 ( listed as synonym of Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)). - As Bombias scutellaris: - Viereck, 1906Viereck, H.L. 1906. Notes and descriptions of Hymenoptera from the western United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32 (2):173-247. (distribution). - As Bombias scutellaris: - Viereck, 1906Viereck, H.L. 1906. Notes and descriptions of Hymenoptera from the western United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32 (2):173-247. (distribution).

FotoID: 7729
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, South Carolina

FotoID: 7731
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, Georgia

FotoID: 7734
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, Georgia

FotoID: 7733
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, South Carolina

FotoID: 7732
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, Georgia

FotoID: 7728
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain
Location: USA, South Carolina

FotoID: 7730
Species: Bombus fraternus (Smith, 1854)
Attribution: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab from Beltsville, Maryland, USA / Public domain

Sponsorship

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Area distribution map

map of Bombus fraternus     (Smith, 1854)

Distribution

MEXMexico
(Franklin, 1913; Abrahamovich & Díaz, 2002; Nava-Bolaños & Osorio-Olvera, 2022)
USAUnited States
(Smith, 1854)
USA-ALUnited States - Alabama
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-ARUnited States - Arkansas
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-COUnited States - Colorado
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-DCUnited States - Washington D.C.
(Mitchell, 1962)
USA-DEUnited States - Delaware
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-FLUnited States - Florida
(Cresson, 1863 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Cresson, 1879 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Dalla Torre, 1896 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Mitchell, 1962; Krombein et al., 1979; Pascarella, 2006; Hall & Ascher, 2011)
USA-GAUnited States - Georgia
(Handlirsch, 1888 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Mitchell, 1962)
USA-IAUnited States - Iowa
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-ILUnited States - Illinois
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Mitchell, 1962)
USA-INUnited States - Indiana
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-KSUnited States - Kansas
(Cresson, 1879 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Dalla Torre, 1896 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Cockerell, 1899 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-KYUnited States - Kentucky
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-LAUnited States - Louisiana
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Owens et al., 2018)
USA-MDUnited States - Maryland
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-MIUnited States - Michigan
(Franklin, 1913; Mitchell, 1962)
USA-MOUnited States - Missouri
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-MSUnited States - Mississippi
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Michener, 1947; Mitchell, 1962)
USA-NCUnited States - North Carolina
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Mitchell, 1962)
USA-NDUnited States - North Dakota
(Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-NEUnited States - Nebraska
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-NJUnited States - New Jersey
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-NMUnited States - New Mexico
(Cockerell, 1906 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-OHUnited States - Ohio
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-OKUnited States - Oklahoma
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-SCUnited States - South Carolina
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-SDUnited States - South Dakota
(Krombein et al., 1979)
USA-TNUnited States - Tennessee
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)
USA-TXUnited States - Texas
(Cresson, 1863 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Cresson, 1863; Cresson, 1872 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Cresson, 1879 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Dalla Torre, 1896 [as Bombus scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Viereck, 1906 [as Bombias scutellaris Cresson, 1863]; Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920; Warriner, 2012)
USA-VAUnited States - Virginia
(Franklin, 1913; Lutz & Cockerell, 1920)

Literature

  • Abrahamovich, A.H. & N.B. Díaz 2002. Bumble bees of the Neotropical Region (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Biota Colombiana 3 (2):199-214.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. 1899. The bees of Kansas. Entomological News 10:3-4.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. 1906. The bees of New Mexico. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32:289-314.
  • Cresson, E.T. 1863. List of North American species of Bombus and Apathus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 2:83-116.
  • Cresson, E.T. 1872. Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4:153-292.
  • Cresson, E.T. 1879. Catalogue of North American Apidae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society and Proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences 7:215-232.
  • Dalla Torre, C.G. 1896. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus, X. Apidae (Anthophila). Sumptibus Guilelmi Engelmann, 1-643.
  • Franklin, H.J. 1913. The Bombidae of the New World. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 38 (3/4):177-486.
  • Hall, H.G., & J.S. Ascher 2011. Surveys of wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) in organic farms of Alachua County in north-central Florida. The Florida Entomologist 94 (3):539-552.
  • Handlirsch, A. 1888. Die Hummelsammlung des k. k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 3:209-250.
  • Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209.
  • Lutz, F.E. & T.D.A. Cockerell 1920. Notes on the distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families, Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 42 (15):491-641.
  • Michener, C.D. 1947. Bees of a limited area in southern Mississippi (Hymenoptera; Apoidea). The American Midland Naturalist 38 (2):443-455.
  • Mitchell, T.B. 1962. Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume II. Technical bulletin (North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) 152:1-557.
  • Nava-Bolaños, A. & L. Osorio-Olvera 2022. Estado del arte del conocimiento de biodiversidad de los polinizadores de México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 93:1-77.
  • Owens, B.E., L. Allain, E.C. van Gorder, J.L. Bossart & C.E. Carlton 2018. The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Louisiana: An updated, annotated checklist. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 120 (2):272-307.
  • Pascarella, J.B. 2006. The bees of Florida. .
  • Smith, F. 1854. Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part II. Apidae. London. 465 pp, 8 pl.
  • Viereck, H.L. 1906. Notes and descriptions of Hymenoptera from the western United States. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32 (2):173-247.
  • Warriner, M.D. 2012. Bumble bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) of Texas: Historical distributions. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (4):442-445.