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Vespula germanica (Fabricius, 1793)

Vespa maculata Scopoli, 1763:312, Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.:51, Type destroyed. - Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.:51 ( listed as synonym of Vespula germanica (Fabricius, 1793)). - As Vespa macularis: taxonomic concept. - Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.:51 (unjustified emendation). - As Vespa macularis: taxonomic concept. - Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.:51 (unjustified emendation).
Vespa germanica Fabricius, 1793:256,Kiliae; Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.:51 (unknown). - Cresson, 1872Cresson, E.T.1872 Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4:153-292. (distribution); Lewis, 1897Lewis, B.S.1897 Vespinae of the United States and Canada. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 24 (2):169-192, 1 pl. (distribution); Harvey & Knight, 1897Harvey, F.L. & O.W. Knight1897 Insects collected at Jackman, Maine. Psyche 8:77-79. (distribution); Bischoff, 1937Bischoff, H.1937 Hymenoptera aculeata (excl. Formicidae und Halictinae) von den Kanarischen Inseln. Commentat. biol. 6 (10):1-3. (distribution). - As Paravespula germanica: - Hohmann, H. et al., 1993Hohmann, H., La Roche, F., Ortega, G. & Barquin, J.1993 Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aculeata) I. Vröff. Übersee-Museum Bremen (Naturwiss) 12 (I-III):14-712. (distribution); Smissen, 2001Smissen, J. van der2001 Die Wildbienen und Wespen Schleswig-Holsteins - Rote Liste. Landesamt für Natur und Umwelt des Landes Schleswig-Holsteins, Flintbek. 1-183.:55 (listed). - As Vespula germanica: - Mauss & Treiber, 1994Mauss, V. & R. Treiber1994 Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Masarinae, Polistinae, Vespinae) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. DJN, Hamburg. 1-53.:48 (listed); Schmid-Egger et al., 1995Schmid-Egger, C., S. Risch & O. Niehuis1995 Die Wildbienen und Wespen in Rheinland-Pfalz (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Verbreitung, Ökologie und Gefährdungssituation. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz Beiheft 16:1-296.:233 (Nistweise [Nistweise in unterirdischen Hohlräumen.]); Fowles, A.P., 1996Fowles, A.P.1996 A provisional checklist of the invertebrates recorded from Wales. 2. Aculeate wasps, bees and ants (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). 1-57. (distribution); Smit, 2000Smit, J.2000 The wasps of Madeira (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae, Pompilidae, Vespidae, Sphecidae). Entomofauna 21 (13):165-180. (distribution); Smissen, 2001Smissen, J. van der2001 Die Wildbienen und Wespen Schleswig-Holsteins - Rote Liste. Landesamt für Natur und Umwelt des Landes Schleswig-Holsteins, Flintbek. 1-183.:55 (listed, Nistweise [B, G,]); Oehlke, J., 2001Oehlke, J.2001 Vespidae. In: Dathe, H., A. Taeger & S.M. Blank (Ed.). Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica, Band 4). 129-133. (distribution), 130 (distribution); Bieri, 2002Bieri, S.2002 Bienen und Wespen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1-160. (distribution); Mauss & Treiber, 2004Mauss, V. & R. Treiber2004 Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Masarinae, Polistinae, Vespinae) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg. 1-53.:48 (listed); Borges et al., 2005Borges, P.A.V., K. van Achterberg, R.R. Askew, K. Zwakhals, O. Oliveira & A.M.C. Santos2005 Hymenoptera. In: (Ed.). A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. 218-221. (distribution); Dvorak & Straka, 2007Dvorak, L. & J. Straka2007 Vespoidea: Vespidae (vosovití). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae Supplementum 11:171-189. (distribution).

Common names

  •  Deutsche Wespe

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Area distribution map

map of Vespula germanica     (Fabricius, 1793)

Distribution

CAN-OntCanada - Ontario
(Lewis, 1897)
CZECzech Republic
(Dvorak & Straka, 2007)
DEUGermany
(Fabricius, 1793; Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012)
DEU-BaGermany - Bavaria
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-BBGermany - Brandenburg + Berlin
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-BWGermany - Baden-Württemberg
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-HeGermany - Hesse
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-LSBGermany - Lower Saxony + Bremen
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-MVGermany - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-NRWGermany - North Rhine-Westphalia
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-RPSGermany - Rhineland-Palatinate + Saarland
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-SAGermany - Saxony-Anhalt
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-SHHGermany - Schleswig-Holstein + Hamburg
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-SxGermany - Saxony
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
DEU-ThGermany - Thuringia
(Oehlke, J., 2001)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - La Palma
(Bischoff, 1937)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - Gran Canaria
(Bischoff, 1937)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - La Gomera
(Bischoff, 1937)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - La Palma
(Hohmann, H. et al., 1993)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - La Gomera
(Hohmann, H. et al., 1993)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - Teneriffa
(Hohmann, H. et al., 1993)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - El Hierro
(Hohmann, H. et al., 1993)
ESPSpain - Canary Islands - Gran Canaria
(Hohmann, H. et al., 1993)
GBR-WaUnited Kingdom - Wales
(Fowles, A.P., 1996)
LIELiechtenstein
(Bieri, 2002)
PRT-ACoPortugal - Azores - Corvo
(Borges et al., 2005)
PRT-AMiPortugal - Azores - São Miguel
(Borges et al., 2005)
PRT-APiPortugal - Azores - Pico
(Borges et al., 2005)
PRT-ATePortugal - Azores - Terceira
(Borges et al., 2005)
PRT-MadPortugal - Madeira
(Smit, 2000)
SVKSlovakia (Slovak Republic)
(Dvorak & Straka, 2007)
SVNSlovenia
(Kimsey & Carpenter, 2012 [as Vespa maculata Scopoli, 1763])
USA-MaiUnited States - Maine
(Harvey & Knight, 1897)
USA-TexUnited States - Texas
(Cresson, 1872)

Literature

  • Bieri, S.2002 Bienen und Wespen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1-160.
  • Bischoff, H.1937 Hymenoptera aculeata (excl. Formicidae und Halictinae) von den Kanarischen Inseln. Commentat. biol. 6 (10):1-3.
  • Borges, P.A.V., K. van Achterberg, R.R. Askew, K. Zwakhals, O. Oliveira & A.M.C. Santos2005 Hymenoptera. In: (Ed.). A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. 218-221.
  • Cresson, E.T.1872 Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4:153-292.
  • Dvorak, L. & J. Straka2007 Vespoidea: Vespidae (vosovití). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae Supplementum 11:171-189.
  • Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne2010 Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Wildbienen und Wespen (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae, Ampulicidae, Pompilidae, Vespidae, Tiphiidae, Sapygidae, Mutillidae, Chrysididae) Nordrhein-Westfalens. Ampulex 2:5-60.
  • Fabricius, J.C.1793 Entomologia Systematica emendata et aucta. Vol. 2. Christian Gottlieb Proft, Hafniae. viii + 519 pp.
  • Fowles, A.P.1996 A provisional checklist of the invertebrates recorded from Wales. 2. Aculeate wasps, bees and ants (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). 1-57.
  • Harvey, F.L. & O.W. Knight1897 Insects collected at Jackman, Maine. Psyche 8:77-79.
  • Hohmann, H., La Roche, F., Ortega, G. & Barquin, J.1993 Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aculeata) I. Vröff. Übersee-Museum Bremen (Naturwiss) 12 (I-III):14-712.
  • Kimsey, L.S. & J.M. Carpenter2012 The Vespinae of North America (Vespidae, Hymenoptera). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 28:37-65.
  • Lewis, B.S.1897 Vespinae of the United States and Canada. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 24 (2):169-192, 1 pl.
  • Mauss, V. & R. Treiber1994 Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Masarinae, Polistinae, Vespinae) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. DJN, Hamburg. 1-53.
  • Mauss, V. & R. Treiber2004 Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Masarinae, Polistinae, Vespinae) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg. 1-53.
  • Oehlke, J.2001 Vespidae. In: Dathe, H., A. Taeger & S.M. Blank (Ed.). Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica, Band 4). 129-133.
  • Saure, C.1999 Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen (Insecta: Hymenoptera) im Großraum Berlin. Verbreitung, Gefährdung und Lebensräume. Beitrag zur Ökologie einer Großstadt. 1. überarbeitete Fassung, Februar 1998. In: Köppel, C., E. Rennwald & N. Hirneisen (Ed.). Rote Listen auf CD-ROM. Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz, Liechtenstein, Südtirol. Vol. 1: Mitteleuropa. Ausgabe 1 (Stand 30.06.1998). .
  • Saure, C., F. Burger & J. Oehlke1998 Rote Liste und Artenliste der Gold-, Falten- und Wegwespen des Landes Brandenburg (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae, Vespidae, Pompilidae). Naturschutz Landschaftspflege Brandenburg 7 (2 Beilage):3-23.
  • Schmid-Egger, C.2010 Rote Liste der Wespen Deutschlands. Ampulex 1:3-39.
  • Schmid-Egger, C., S. Risch & O. Niehuis1995 Die Wildbienen und Wespen in Rheinland-Pfalz (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Verbreitung, Ökologie und Gefährdungssituation. Fauna Flora Rheinland-Pfalz Beiheft 16:1-296.
  • Smissen, J. van der2001 Die Wildbienen und Wespen Schleswig-Holsteins - Rote Liste. Landesamt für Natur und Umwelt des Landes Schleswig-Holsteins, Flintbek. 1-183.
  • Smit, J.2000 The wasps of Madeira (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae, Pompilidae, Vespidae, Sphecidae). Entomofauna 21 (13):165-180.
  • Tischendorf et al.2013 Rote Liste der Faltenwespen Hessens (Hymenoptera Vespidae: Eumeninae, Polistinae, Vespinae). Wiesbaden.