Rhopalosoma nearcticum Brues, 1943


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Area distribution map

map of Rhopalosoma nearcticum     Brues, 1943


CRICosta Rica
(Gauld, 1995; Miller et al., 2019)
(Gauld, 1995; Gauld, 2006)
USAUnited States
(Gauld, 1995; Tschuch & Brothers, 2000; Coronado Blanco & Ruíz Cancino, 2002; Gauld, 2006)
USA-FloUnited States - Florida
(Brues, 1943; Krombein, 1951; Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Krombein et al., 1979; Stange, 1991; Barrows, 2013)
USA-GeoUnited States - Georgia
(Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991)
USA-KenUnited States - Kentucky
(Krombein, 1951; Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Krombein et al., 1979; Freytag, 1984; Stange, 1991)
USA-LouUnited States - Louisiana
(Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991)
USA-MarUnited States - Maryland
(Brues, 1943; Krombein, 1951; Gurney, 1953; Krombein, 1963; Townes, 1977; Krombein et al., 1979; Stange, 1991; Smith, 2008; Barrows, 2013)
USA-MioUnited States - Missouri
(Krombein, 1951; Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Krombein et al., 1979; Stange, 1991)
USA-NoCUnited States - North Carolina
(Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991)
USA-SoCUnited States - South Carolina
(Gurney, 1953; Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991)
USA-TenUnited States - Tennessee
(Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991)
USA-TexUnited States - Texas
(Townes, 1977; Stange, 1991; Wharton, 2006; Barrows, 2013)
USA-WasUnited States - Washington
(Brues, 1943)


  • Barrows, E.M. 2013. Habitat abundances of a cricket-parasitizing wasp Rhopalosoma nearcticum (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) in a United States mid-Atlantic park. Open Journal of Animal Sciences 3 (4):311-313.
  • Brues, C.T. 1943. The American species of Rhopalosoma. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 36 (2):310-318.
  • Coronado Blanco, J.M. & E. Ruíz Cancino 2002. Registro de Rhopalosoma simile Brues (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) para el estado de Tamaulipas, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie) 86:243-244.
  • Evans, H.E. 1987. Rhopalosomatidae (Pompiloidea). In: Stehr, F.W. (Ed.). Immature Insects. 679-680.
  • Freytag, P.H. 1984. Rhopalosoma nearcticum Brues in Kentucky. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Sciences 45 (2):74-75.
  • Gauld, I.D. 1995. Rhopalosomatidae. In: Hanson, P.E. & I.D. Gauld (Ed.). The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. 548-552.
  • Gauld, I.D. 2006. Familia Rhopalosomatidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 77:607-609.
  • Guidotti, A.E. 1999. Systematics of little known parasitic wasps of the family Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Dissertation , . Canada.
  • Guidotti, A.E. 2007. A revision of the wasp genus Paniscomima (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) and a proposal of phylogenetic relationships among species. Invertebrate Systematics 21:297-309.
  • Gurney, A.B. 1953. Notes on the biology and immature stages of a cricket parasite of the genus Rhopalosoma. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 103 (3313):19-34.
  • Heraty, J., F. Ronquist, J.M. Carpenter, D. Hawks, S. Schulmeister, A.P. Dowling, D. Murray, J. Munro, W.C. Wheeler, N. Schiff & M. Sharkey 2011. Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60:73-88.
  • Klopfstein, S., L. Vilhelmsen, J.M. Heraty, M. Sharkey & F. Ronquist 2013. The Hymenopteran Tree of Life: Evidence from Protein-Coding Genes and Objectively Aligned Ribosomal Data. Plos One 8 (8):1-23.
  • Krombein, K.V. 1951. Superfamily Sphecoidea. In: Muesebeck, K.V. Krombein, and H.K. Townes (Ed.). Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico (Synoptic Catalog). 937-1034.
  • Krombein, K.V. 1963. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XVII. Annotated list of the wasps (Hymenoptera: Bethyloidea, Scolioidea, Vespoidea, Pompiloidea, Sphecoidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 76:255-280.
  • Krombein, K.V., P.D. Hurd, D.R. Smith & B.D. Burks 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1199-2209.
  • Lohrmann, V. & M.S. Engel 2017. The wasp larva’s last supper: 100 million years of evolutionary stasis in the larval development of rhopalosomatid wasps (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae). Fossil Record 20:239-244.
  • Lohrmann, V., M. Ohl, P. Michalik, J.P. Pitts, L. Jeanneau & V. Perrichot 2019. Notes on rhopalosomatid wasps of Dominican and Mexican amber (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) with a description of the first fossil species of Rhopalosoma Cresson, 1865. Fossil Record 22:31-44.
  • Lohrmann, V., Q. Zhang, P. Michalik, J. Blaschke, P. Müller, L. Jeanneau, & V. Perrichot 2020. †Cretolixon – a remarkable new genus of rhopalosomatid wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea: Rhopalosomatidae) from chemically tested, mid-Cretaceous Burmese (Kachin) amber supports the monophyly of Rhopalosomatinae. Fossil Record 23:215-236.
  • Mason, W. R. M. 1986. Standards drawing conventions and definitions for venational and other features of wings of Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 88:1-7.
  • McGown, M. W. 1998. Rhopalosomatidae of Mississippi. .
  • Miller, L.A., T.D. Benefield, S.A. Lounsbury, V. Lohrmann & J.D. Blaschke 2019. DNA barcoding of rhopalosomatid larvae reveals a new host record and genetic evidence of a second species of Rhopalosoma Cresson (Hymenoptera, Rhopalosomatidae) in America north of Mexico. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 74:35-46.
  • Pickett, K.M. & J.M. Carpenter 2010. Simultaneous analysis and the origin of eusociality in the Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Arthropods Sytesmatics & Phylogeny 68 (1):3-33.
  • Pilgrim, E.M., C.D. von Dohlen & J.P. Pitts 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies. Zoologica Scripta :1-22.
  • Poole, R.W. & P. Gentili 1996. Nomina insecta Nearctica. A Check List of the Insects of North America. Entomological Information Services, Rockville, Maryland. 1-793.
  • Schulmeister, S. 2002. Morphology and evolution of the tarsal plantulae in Hymenoptera (Insecta), focussing on the basal lineages. Zoologica Scripta 32:153-172.
  • Smith, D.R. 2008. Hymenoptera (Insecta) of Plummers Island, Maryland: Symphyta and selected families of Apocrita. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15:160-167.
  • Stange, L.A. 1991. The Rhopalosomatidae of Florida. Entomology Circular 341:1-2.
  • Townes, H.K. 1977. A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 15 (1):1-34.
  • Tschuch, G. & D.J. Brothers 2000. Stridulatory organs in solitary Aculeate Hymenoptera (Insecta). Zoologischer Anzeiger 239:319-327.
  • Vilhelmsen, L. 2011. Head capsule characters in the Hymenoptera and their phylogenetic implications. ZooKeys 130:343-361.
  • Vilhelmsen, L., I. Mikó & L. Krogmann 2010. Beyond the wasp-waist: structural diversity and phylogenetic significance of the mesosoma in apocritan wasps (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159 (1):1-173.
  • Walther, J.R. 1983. Antennal patterns of sensilla of the Hymenoptera - A complex character of phylogenetic reconstruction. Verhandlungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg 26:373-392.
  • Wharton, R.A. 2006. The Species of Sternaulopius Fischer (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Opiinae) and the Braconid Sternaulus. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 15:317-347.
  • Wood, D.L. & Maupin, M.A. 2007. A new state record for Olixon banksii (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) in Missouri. The Great Lakes Entomologist 40 (1&2):101-102.